The idea of travel through space is nothing new in human history. Ancient stories exist of sky gods came down from the heavens to interact with the people of earth, and earthlings themselves traveled into the cosmos in a variety of mechanical contraptions. But in the 19th century, as the industrial revolution took shape, authors and audiences were more intrigued by the possibility of traveling into space and the adventures one might have there. This led to a series of tall, brash, heroes of pulp fiction and comics - John Carter, Buck Rogers, Flash Gordon - for whom space became a never-ending adventureland of aliens and ray guns and damsels in distress. Since then space travel has continued to appear in works of all media, altered and re-envisioned by each new author who dreams of stories in the stars. This talk will provide a historical overview of how space has been a setting for works of literature and will consider how that setting has been changed and manipulated to meet the needs of authors and their stories.